Table of Contents
- 1 What is Coronavirus(Covid-19)?
- 2 Signs & Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- 3 Why Coronavirus is so serious?
- 4 How Coronavirus (Covid-19) Spreads?
- 5 What to do if you have COVID-19 symptoms?
- 6 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for Coronavirus(Covid-19)
Safe travel is something all of us wish for ourselves this time it becomes serious to know how coronavirus affects the travel world?
Traveling to various places on earth is fascinating indeed, but let’s not lose our mind in the joy of traveling. It’s always good to stay informed about the things you might face while traveling. Be it any part of the world, you are always exposed to microorganisms in that area.
And the variety of microorganisms you are exposed to constantly varies with where you are located geographically. In the context of recent coronavirus outbreak, I want you all to be well-informed and be capable of taking decisions accordingly.
Coronavirus is spreading worldwide, as a result, we all may come in contact with the virus anytime, anywhere.
Let’s Be Safe and Healthy!
Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak was declared a public health emergency of international concern on 30 January 2020. The first case of covid-19 was reported in Wuhan, China on 31st December 2019. Since then the virus has caused major outbreaks in countries like Italy, Iran, Spain, etc. So, if you are considering traveling for some urgent cause you must know the condition at that place and strictly follow the guidelines.
Coronavirus is a large family of viruses like any other virus family such as herpesvirus, a retrovirus. Flavivirus etc. Coronavirus belongs to RNA viruses, more specifically (+)RNA. This family of the virus mostly uses humans and other animals as a host organism. It is known to cause respiratory illness. Rarely, these infect humans from animals such as SARS, MERS and now COVID-19 also called SARS-CoV-2.
Now, if coronavirus already existed then what is COVID-19? COVID-19 is nothing but a disease caused by a novel coronavirus. By the word novel, we mean which is new from what we knew existed, or can infect human beings. As this virus is new and there is little to no pre-existing immunity against the new virus, it is spreading worldwide more vigorously. On March 11, the COVID-19 outbreak was characterized as a pandemic by WHO.
People infected with the COVID-19 virus experience symptoms like:
- Mild fever
- Cough and flu-like symptoms
- Breathing or respiratory illness
Some people with covid-19 may also experience diarrhea, body ache, headache, etc.
Most of these symptoms are mild and can be recovered without requiring special treatment. But the major difficulty is with older people having underlying diseases like cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases like asthma, diabetes, and cancer are more prone to get severely affected.
These symptoms look similar to cold or flu. So, how do you differentiate if you have a common cold or COVID-19?
The incubation period, that is the time between virus entry into body and development of symptoms, for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days according to WHO. Usually breathing illness is experienced after 8-9 days.
One might think if the symptoms and illness are mild then why is everyone so worried about it? Here lies the cause for its declaration as to the fourth the pandemic in the last century. COVID-19 is very contagious and spreads very fast, and as we currently do not have any vaccine, people are dying because of it.
The pandemic has already infected over 350,000 people worldwide, killed over 15,000 thousand people as on 23rd March 2020. Of these numbers, Italy and China contribute over 5000 and 3000 deaths respectively, and 59,000 and 81,000 confirmed cases respectively. And these numbers are increasing every hour.
The live statistics can be checked by clicking here.
The death rate so far is around 2% of the infected people. Older people are at higher risk and can develop severe pneumonia or respiratory failure and may require oxygen or mechanical ventilation.
The coronavirus causing COVID-19 mainly spreads via mucus discharged while coughing or sneezing from the mouth or nose. And, it only enters our body through a mucus membrane like eyes, mouth, and nose. So, while you are out traveling, always consider,
- Carrying alcohol-based rub like sanitizers,
- Avoid touching your face.
There are other factors that must be noted like the virus can survive on various surfaces for several hours, not only that WHO also said that the virus can survive in the air as well which makes it even more contagious and dangerous.
According to a new study from National Institutes of Health, CDC, UCLA and Princeton University scientists in The New England Journal of Medicine, this novel coronavirus is stable for several hours and days.
|Aerosol||Up to 3 hours|
|Copper||Up to 4 hours|
|Cardboard||Up to 24 hours|
|Plastic and stainless steel||2-3 days|
The coronavirus can spread airborne, staying stable and suspended in the air depending on factors such as heat and humidity. Researches are going on how Ultraviolet, temperature, humidity affects the virus suspended in the air.
As COVID is spreading internationally, one should avoid traveling to high-risk areas. Traveling in high-risk areas can make you exposed to chances of catching the virus. Analyzing and checking travel history can help us slow down the spread of COVID-19.
Prevention of coronavirus,
- Avoid nonessential traveling
- Travelers should maintain good hygiene
- Hand sanitizer in the backpack is a must
- Wash your hands frequently with handwash, if not available then use sanitizers
- Avoid crowds and public gathering
- Monitor your symptoms if necessary, contact nearby healthcare.
Coronavirus is spreading is devastating rates. Since its outbreak in China, thousands of crew members, passengers have tested positive for coronavirus.
Also, in the meantime make your immune system strong, immunocompromised people are more prone to the disease.
What to do if you have COVID-19 symptoms?
If you feel you have COVID-19 symptoms, DO NOT PANIC.
- First, contact your healthcare provider
- Immediately isolate yourself
- Use mask
Treatments of coronavirus so far:
After intense research going on all over the world for months, researchers have come up with some of the probable treatments. Although there is no vaccine as such as of now.
Recent research has approved some medicines to treat COVID-19. WHO has approved four promising treatment:
- an experimental antiviral compound called remdesivir;
- the malaria medications chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine;
- a combination of two HIV drugs, lopinavir and ritonavir;
- and the above combination plus interferon-beta, an immune system messenger.
These drugs have been clinically tested and are currently in use, and are also successful in curing the deadly coronavirus in many patients.
Also, there are researches going on to understand the immune response to COVID-19 in recovered patients, but is not yet understood properly. “Re-Infection” means a person gets infected by the same disease of which he has suffered earlier. Re-infection cannot yet be confirmed for COVID-19, but patients with MERS-CoV are not usually re-infected shortly after recovery.
There are researches on the development of treatment of new coronavirus. Some are testing antiretroviral drugs, some with antibiotics like azithromycin. Studies are also being performed on extraction of antibodies against the new coronavirus from recovered patients.
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in animals. SARS and MERS were associated with Civet cats and dromedary camels respectively. For COVID-19 the sorce is yet to be confirmed but some suspect Pangolins as source. People in China who were infected early in the outbreak many of them worked in live-animal market in Wuhan, China. So, it is better to avoid live-animal market.
However, WHO has confirmed COVID-19 cannot be spread via Dogs, also it has confirmed consumption of cooked eggs and chicken as safe.
Here are the best collection by scoutripper for coronavirus informations:
– WHO info hub
– CDC info hub
– European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) info hub
– Australian Government Department of Health resources
– BMJ latest news
– The Lancet resource center
– Nature article collection
– How can we prevent infection?
4. How can we prevent infection?
Official WHO prevention guidelines suggest to avoid infection with the coronavirus, individuals practice for personal hygiene.
Points to remember for Coronavirus (Covid-19):
– Avoid travels: cancel any plans that you had, and this is not just for the lockdown period. Try to maintain this a while after the lockdown is over.
– Maintain cough etiquette: cover your mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing, if possible, use mask if you are sick.
– Maintain hygiene: wash your hands frequently with handwash, if you are outside use sanitizer.
– Travel advisories and restrictions: after it has been declared as pandemic there are lots of restrictions on travelling for the wellbeing of the society, so look up on them. To view the restrictions, click here.
– Immunity: one very important thing is to boost your immunity to fight not just COVID-19, but any disease for that matter.
– Avoid crowds: avoid public gatherings, crowds. And also encourage others to follow these.
“We shall overcome this difficulty as well. Let’s have faith, and do our little part from our side by staying home and staying safe… Stay at home and stay healthy”
It is much more important than anything else. It becomes a serious need of time.