Everest Base Camp Trek Guide 2023: Keypoints, Highlights, Technicality, Itinerary & FAQ’s
Everest is the most idolized and ultimate mountain peak in the world for every mountain lover. The grandeur of the mountain speaks for itself so when Everest Base Camp Trek is talked about, the mountaineers lunge at the opportunity to see the majestic natural wonder in its natural habitat. The Everest Base Camp Trek becomes even more interesting when it offers a direct view of 4 highest peaks out of 6 in the world including Mt. Everest (8848 m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8201 m), Mt. Makalu (8470 m), Mt. Lhotse (8516).
The Everest Base Camp trek offers more than mountains, it’s an epiphany of the culture of sherpas, the culture of Nepal, and the history each mountaineer is honored to be a part of. From living in some of the highest habitable places on Earth to talking to the humble locals who have seen the mountains for centuries is not something any one of us would want to miss out on.
Keypoints for Everest Base Camp Trek
|Total Distance||108 km|
|Total Time||12-13 days|
|Best Time to visit||Summer Season (April-June)Winter Season (September-Mid November)|
|Base Camp||Kathmandu (Lukla)|
|Approx. cost (per adult)||45,000-70,000|
Everest Base Camp Trek Gallery
Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek
Here are some of the high points of the Everest Base Camp Trek which will definitely convince you for the trek.
One of the highest viewpoints of the Everest region, offering a panoramic view of the highest peak in the world and helping you admire the wonders of nature from the closest distance possible.
Standing in its glory is the biggest and the oldest Buddhist Tengboche Monastery in the magnificent Sherpa village of Tengboche.
Khumbu & Ngozumpa Glaciers:
Khumbu & Ngozumpa are the biggest and longest glaciers of Nepal respectively. Khumbhu is 12 km long and Ngozumpa is 36 km long, which are also considered among the prominent glaciers of the planet
Culture of the sherpas:
The entire trek of Everest Base Camp is surrounded by the sherpa community and their culture has an unspoken charm to it. It is considered to once in a lifetime opportunity to experience the sherpa culture, be a part of their day-to-day life, and see for yourself what it is like to live in one of the highest habitable places n Earth.
Sagarmatha National Park:
The highest national park in the world housing some of the rarest species of flora and fauna is also a well-known World UNESCO site.
Namche Bazar aka the Sherpa capital is a small town located on a steep-mountain bowl-shaped and a treat for those wanting to explore Sherpa culture in depth. Hillary Museum is also located in this town and is an honor for every mountaineer.
Technicalities of Everest Base Camp Trek
Here are some of the technicalities related to documents and other issues you must be aware of before your Everest Base Camp Trek.
- Foreign nationals are required to carry their passport and visa while booking and on arrival.
- A pre-requisite to doing Everest Base Camp Trek is that the trekker must have done at least 1 trek of the 4000m category.
- Avoid bringing non-biodegradable items.
- Usage of alcohol or any intoxicating substance is strictly prohibited.
- Carry a valid id proof in the offline format as the network is a rare occurrence of higher altitudes.
- Minimum age of people trekking is 15 yrs, one younger than this must be accompanied by a guardian and the one in the 15-18 yrs age group can trek alone with written consent from a guardian.
- Carry enough cash to last all your expenses as no ATMs are available on the trek route.
- Carry breathable and easily layered clothing to beat the sudden ups and downs of temperature.
- Electronics power down very easily in cold temperatures so use them wisely and teahouses or stays might charge you extra money for charging the electronics.
Itinerary for Everest Base Camp Trek
Day 1: Reach Kathmandu
Altitude – 1400 m
- Reach Kathmandu airport or Kathmandu railway station.
- Stroll around the city and shop for anything you might need for the trek.
Day 2: Fly to Lukla and trek to Phakding
Lukla Altitude – 2850 m | Phadking Altitude – 2600 m Distance – 9km
- Take a scenic flight of duration 30-35 mins from Kathmandu to Lukla.
- Lukla is from where the Everest Base Camp Trek starts.
- You will then trek to Phakding through the lush green mountain villages of Nepal.
- The trek to Phakding will take around 4-5 hrs and reward you with a view of Mt. Khumbila.
- During the trek you will come across boulders carved with Buddhist prayers and corners filled with sherpa culture.
- You will stay overnight in Phakding
Day 3: Phakding to Namche Bazar
Altitude – 3450 m Distance – 10km Duration – 10 hrs
- Today you will trek to one of the highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek, Namche Bazar.
- Namche Bazar is the capital of the Khumbu region and a very significant place in the culture of Sherpas.
- It offers not only the first view of Mt. Everest on the Everest Base Camp Trek but also Mt. Kongderei and Mt. Thamserku.
- Walking alongside Dudh Koshi river you will also enter a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Sagarmatha National Park.
Day 4: Acclimatization Day
- Today is acclimatization day and a perfect opportunity to explore the Sherpa culture.
- Namche Bazar is a dream come true for every mountaineer as it houses the museum showcasing the mountaineering history, all about Everest, Sherpa culture, and whatnot.
- The place is perfect for any last-minute shopping, all sorts of internet cafes, ATMs, cafes, and restaurants are present here.
Day 5: Namche Bazar to Tengboche
Altitude – 3850 m Distance – 8 km Duration – 5 to 6 hrs
- The trek from Namche Bazar to Tengboche is an easy one, you will get to see Himalayan wildlife as well.
- The trek offers a panoramic view of Everest and other famous peaks.
- Before Tengboche is the biggest monastery in the area and after that, you reach the beautiful alpine village of Tengboche.
Day 6: Tengboche to Dingboche
Altitude – 4350 m Distance – 9 km Duration – 6 to 7 hrs
- The beautiful mountain view of the Himalayas will take you to Dingboche through the stone steps in the forests of Rhododendrons, conifers, and birches.
- The view of Mt. Ama Dablam is the highlight of the trek today. Lhotse and Nuptse also become very prominent in this region.
Day 7: Acclimatization Day
- Today is going to be the day to acclimatize to the higher altitudes.
- A small hike from here will give you a clear view of the world’s highest 6 peaks – Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu.
- The best way to utilize today is walking around the village so you get accustomed to the dropping oxygen levels.
Day 8: Dingboche to Lobuche
Altitude – 4950 m Distance – 7 km Duration – 6 hrs
- Today’s trek takes you through the alpine pasture. During summer, you can also see Yaks grazing in the region.
- You will witness prayer flags and stones which are the memorial for the mountaineers who have lost their life on Everest.
- You will also trek to the moraine of Khumbu glaciers and there you will stone monuments which are to pay respects to the mountaineers.
- As you climb to Lobuche the climb becomes difficult and takes you to the Thukla pass where Everest Memorial is situated.
Day 9: Lobuche to Gorkhashep
Altitude – 5150 m Distance – 6 km Duration – 4 hrs
- Today marks the day for which you came all the way as you finally reach Everest Base Camp.
- No outsiders or visitors are allowed to stay at Everest Base Camp, you can stay there for some time, and enjoy the fruits of your hard work but need to return to Gorkhashep the same day.
Day 10: Hike to Kalapatthar and return to Pheriche
Kala Patthar Altitude – 5550 m Distance – 4 km Duration – 3 to 4 hrs
Pheriche Altitude – 4300 m Distance – 15 km Duration – 6 hrs
- Gorkhashep is an amazing place to roam around and soak in all the Everest views before the descend, Gorkhashep is also important as it used to be the Everest Base Camp back in the 1950s.
- Kalapatthar is a vibe on its own and gives an equal sense of summit as any other mountain.
- Before reaching Pheriche you will come across Everest Memorial and pay your respects before descending down to stay at Periche for the night.
Day 11: Pheriche to Namche Bazar
Altitude – 3450 m Distance – 15 km Duration – 7 to 8 hrs
- The descent is easy as compared to the ascend but the route is long and beautiful at the same time.
- Enjoy the last few views of Everest and other magnificent beauties around.
- Explore Tengboche monastery and try meditating there.
Day 12: Namche Bazar to Phakding to Lukla
Altitude – 2600 m Distance – 19 km Duration – 7 to 8 hrs
- Roam around the places and take a stroll in Sagarmatha National Park.
- Today while descending the views of mountains will start to disappear with only occasional snippets.
Day 13: Fly to Kathmandu
- Fly back to Kathmandu.
- Today marks the end day of your Everest base Camp Trek.
The Everest Base Camp Trek is definitely a once-in-a-lifetime experience and something that every mountaineer dreams of but sometimes due to different reasons and situations they are not able to do it, at times like this please remember that not being able to do it is not the end of the world and you can always find another trek or adventure which may give you far more happiness. Also doing treks like this requires a lot of physical and mental strength so sign up for them only when you are sure and there is no doubt in your mind that you want to do it.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s) for Everest Base Camp Trek
What is the height of Mt. Everest?
Mt. Everest is 8848 m tall.
Where is Mt. Everest located?
Mt. Everest is located in Nepal.
Where does Everest Base Camp Trek start?
Everest Base Camp Trek starts in Lukla, Kathmandu.
What is the difficulty level of the Everest Base camp Trek?
Everest Base Camp Trek is a difficult trek and requires intense physical health.
How long is Everest Base Camp Trek?
Everest Base Camp Trek is approx 108 km long.
How many days does it take to complete Everest Base Camp Trek?
It takes 12-14 days to complete Everest Base Camp Trek.
What is the minimum age to do Everest Base Camp Trek?
The minimum age to do Everest Base Camp Trek is 15yrs.
What is the best time to do Everest Base Camp Trek?
The best time to do Everest Base Camp Trek is April-June and September-Mid November.
Where is Hillary Museum located?
Hillary Museum is located in Namche Bazar.
Who summited Mt. Everest for the first time?
Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay summited Mt. Everest for the first time.
What is the highest altitude of Everest Base Camp Trek?
The highest altitude of Everest Base Camp Trek is 18,200 ft.